Les Poaceae du Benin

classées par habitats (liste provisoire)

  • sables côtiers:

Stenotaphrum dimidiatum, Stenotaphrum secundatum, Sporobolus virginicus, Eragrostis domingensis, Schizachyrium pulchellum, Panicum repens, Aristida sieberiana.

  • lagunes:

Paspalum vaginatum.

  • à l'ombre de la forêt:

Olyra latifolia, Oplismenus hirtellus, Oplismenus burmannii, Streptogyna crinita, Acroceras gabunense, Megastachya mucronata.

  • endroits frais et ombragés:

Setaria barbata, Setaria megaphylla, Chasmopodium caudatum, Rottboellia cochinchinensis, Centotheca lappacea, Axonopus compressus, Axonopus flexuosus, Paspalum conjugatum, Panicum brevifolium, Cyrtococcum chaetophoron.

  • prairies flottantes:

Echinochloa pyramidalis, Echinochloa stagnina, Vossia cuspidata.

  • bords de ruisseaux ou de mares:

Phragmites karka, Phragmites australis, Loudetia phragmitoides, Leersia hexandra, Oryza barthii, Oryza longistaminata, Vetiveria nigritiana, Panicum parvifolium, Acroceras zizanioides, Paspalidium geminatum, Sacciolepis africana, Setaria sphacelata, Alloteropsis paniculata, Heteranthoecia guineensis, Eriochrysis brachypogon, Isachne kiyalaensis. Leptochloa caerulescens.

  • mares temporaires:

Rhytachne triaristata, Eragrostis atrovirens, Eragrostis turgida, Elytrophorus spicatus.

  • endroits humides:

Pennisetum purpureum, Sorghum arundinaceum, Sorghastrum bipennatum, Panicum phragmitoides, Paspalum scrobiculatum, Brachiaria mutica, Phacelurus gabonensis, Echinochloa colona, Echinochloa crus-pavonis, Acroceras amplectens, Schizachyrium sanguineum, Schizachyrium brevifolium, Coix lacryma-jobi.

  • bancs de sable des rivières:

Panicum subalbidum, Panicum fluviicola, Paspalum scrobiculatum, Brachiaria mutica, Eragrostis gangetica, Eragrostis atrovirens, Eragrostis japonica.

  • endroits rudéralisées:

Cynodon dactylon, Eleusine indica, Dactyloctenium aegyptium, Haeckelochloa granularis, Sporobolus pyramidalis, Chloris pilosa, Digitaria horizontalis, Eragrostis amabilis (syn. E.tenella), Eragrostis ciliaris, Eragrostis pilosa, Aristida adscensionis, Cenchrus biflorus, Anthephora cristata, Pennisetum polystachion, Pennisetum pedicellatum.

  • jachères:

Brachiaria lata, Panicum maximum, Imperata cylindrica, Melinis repens, Eragrostis aspera, Panicum pansum.

  • bords de route:

Schoenefeldia gracilis, Heteropogon contortus, Hyperthelia dissoluta, Perotis indica.

  • endroits rudéralisées au Nord:

Loudetia togoensis, Aristida kerstingii, Cymbopogon schoenanthus subsp. proximus.

  • savanes plus humides:

Loudetiopsis ambiens, Hyparrhenia rufa.

  • savanes:

Trachypogon spicatus, Andropogon schirensis, Andropogon chinensis, Andropogon pseudapricus, Ctenium newtonii, Monocymbium ceresiiforme, Elymandra androphila, Hyparrhenia diplandra, Hyparrhenia smithiana var. major, Elionurus elegans, Urelytrum annuum, Cymbopogon schoenanthus, Elymandra androphila, Euclasta condylotricha, Andropogon tectorum, Hyperthelia dissoluta, Hyparrhenia involucrata, Loudetia arundinacea, Loudetia flavida, Loxodera ledermannii, Ischaemum amethystinum, Cymbopogon giganteus.

  • forêts claires:

Andropogon tectorum, Pennisetum unisetum.

  • sols rocailleux:

Thelepogon elegans, Ctenium elegans, Oropetium aristatum, Loudetia annua, Loudetia. simplex, Tripogon minimus, Microchloa indica, Microchloa kunthii, Loudetiopsis kerstingii, Loudetiopsis scaettae, Pennisetum laxius, Brachyacne obtusiflora, Bewsia biflora.

  • gazons:

Zoysia matrella var. pacifica, Paspalum notatum, Chrysopogon aciculatus, Cynodon dactylon, Axonopus compressus, Paspalum conjugatum, Stenotaphrum secundatum.

  • plantes introduites et/ou cultivées:

Zea mays, Oryza sativa, Oryza glaberrima, Pennisetum glaucum, Sorghum bicolor, Digitaria exilis, Saccharum officinarum, Tripsacum andersonii, Cymbopogon citratus, Vetiveria zizanoides, Bambusa vulgaris, Coix lacrima-jobi, Eragrostis superba.

  • plantes fourragères:

Brachiaria brizantha, Brachiaria ruziziensis, Brachiaria mutica, Pennisetum unisetum, Panicum maximum, Andropogon gayanus, Cynodon nlemfuensis, Cynodon aethiopicus.

last update: 19/02/2003

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